The excavations of Pompei are extraordinary material evidence of the ancient world, thanks to the state of preservation of the city, which remained practically intact after the eruption of 79 A.D. erased it from the Vesuvian landscape. Also thanks to its location, between the VII and VIII centuries B.C., the city attracted a thriving indigenous settlement. Situated between the sea and the Sarno River, Pompeii indeed exploited two important communication arteries used for commercial exchange.
In the V century, the city came under the control of the Samnites, and was exposed to Greek and Etruscan influences. In the III century B.C., after the Punic wars, it was drawn into the orbit of Rome, becoming definitively bound to it in 80 B.C. with Silla’s foundation of the colony. Begun in the mid 18th century by the Bourbons and continued for more than a century, the excavations brought the city back to light, offering a complete picture of daily life in the Roman age.
The itinerary winds through streets – such as the Via dell’Abbondanza, the most important, lined with houses and the city’s most renowned workshops – public monuments like the amphitheatre and the theatre, and passes by large buildings still standing at the forum. The visit to private houses that conserve a luxurious aspect with elegant frescoes and decorations in marble, offers an interesting panorama of Roman customs as well as of the taste of their owners. Gardens with their ancient species have been reconstructed by means of casting techniques.